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FameEX Hot Topics | Nonbank Institutions Face Tighter Regulations from US Treasury in Response to Banking Crisis

2023-04-24 17:33:35

The US Treasury is proposing stricter regulations for nonbank institutions due to concerns about their potential to pose a systemic risk to the country's financial stability. Nonbank institutions are defined as financial entities that provide specific financial services but do not hold a bank license. These entities, which include venture capital firms, crypto companies, and hedge funds, are not insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) and are not subject to the same level of oversight as traditional banking institutions. During a recent Financial Stability Oversight Council (FSOC) Council Meeting, US Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen highlighted the need for greater supervision of nonbank entities and the potential for wider financial contagion to occur when these firms suffer through periods of distress. Yellen stated that the new guidance proposed by the Treasury seeks to make it easier for the Federal Reserve to designate nonbank institutions as systemically important, making it easier to supervise and regulate them.

The current designation process for nonbank institutions takes up to six years, and the existing guidance issued in 2019 created inappropriate hurdles during the process. Yellen claims that the new guidance will remove these hurdles and replace the 2019-era rules with an analysis process. The council will determine if "material financial distress at the company or the company's activities could pose a threat to US financial stability." The new process will still allow regulators and institutions enough time to communicate and discuss specifics. 
The recent collapse of several crypto- and tech-friendly banks, including Silvergate Bank, Signature Bank, and Silicon Valley Bank, during last month's worst banking crisis since 2008, has raised concerns about the stability of the US banking sector. Yellen reassured investors and the public that the US banking sector remains robust and secure. However, she emphasized the need for greater oversight and emergency provisions to be granted to FSOC and the Fed.

Yellen added that the recent banking crisis serves as a reminder that the authority for emergency interventions is critical. She stressed the importance of a supervisory and regulatory regime that can prevent financial disruptions from starting and spreading in the first place. The proposed rules aim to make it easier for regulators to identify nonbank institutions that pose a threat to the financial system and take appropriate actions to prevent financial instability.

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